Lesbian, Gay & Bisexual (LGB) Patients: Quick Reference Guide for Mental Health Staff
This is a quick reference guide for mental health staff for working with lesbian, gay and bisexual patients based on a report by the College of Psychiatrists of Ireland in collaboration with GLEN, the Gay and Lesbian Equality Network. To read the full report, please click here.
Improving Service Provision to LGB Patients:
|Be aware of LGB mental health issues and gay-specific stresses
|Don’t assume everyone is heterosexual
|Be aware of and challenge anti-gay bias
In addition to routine assessment and treatment, where appropriate, consider the following with LGB patients:
|Mental Health: Assess the impact of gay-specific stresses on mental health (e.g. fear of coming out, parental/family rejection after coming out or experience of harassment) and screen for self-harm, suicidality, depression, anxiety and substance misuse
|Coming Out: Is patient ‘out’ to family and friends? If yes, are family and friends supportive? If no, what supports could the patient benefit from? Has GP explored sexual orientation and any related issues? Where appropriate, consider referral to LGB support services and/or counselling or psychotherapy
|School/Work: Has the patient experienced homophobic bullying in school or bullying/discrimination in work? Have attempts been made to address school or workplace issues?
|LGB-Specific Support: An inclusive approach to practice that is gay-affirmative will provide LGB patients with optimal support. Patients may also benefit from referral to LGB organisations or helplines for support, advice and information (see directory below)
Use Inclusive Language and Questions
|Are you married?
|Do you have a partner?
|Do you have a girlfriend/ boyfriend?
|Are you in a relationship?
|What is your husband/wife’s name?
|What is your partner’s name?
Asking Patients about Coming Out & Related Experiences
|“It sounds as if you are questioning your feelings/your orientation/your identity… has that been on your mind?”
|“Have you come out to friends or anyone in your family?”
|“Are you concerned about how people might react when you come out to them?”
|“Are there lesbian/gay/bisexual people you know that you can talk to? Are they supportive?”
|“Have you had any negative experiences since coming out?”
Directory of Helplines & Support Services
|LGB HELPLINES: (For LGB people, family/friends and professionals)
|GENERAL HELPLINES: (All have experience of supporting LGB callers)
For more information on what mental health practitioners can do to support lesbian, gay and bisexual patients see the accompanying resource Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Patients: The Issues for Mental Health Practice